DAY CARE CENTRE FOR PATIENTS SUFFERING FROM SCHIZOPHRENIA
 
 

Schizophrenia as we are aware is a chronic, severe, and disabling brain disease. It is a major Psychiatric disorder that alters an individual’s perception, thoughts, affect and behavior. Individuals with Schizophrenia have their own unique combination of symptoms and experiences. Difficulties may include memory and concentration problems, social withdrawal, unusual and uncharacteristic behavior, disturbed communication, bizarre ideas and perceptual experiences, poor personal hygiene and reduced interest and motivation in day-to-day activities. They also have positive symptoms of hallucinations, delusions and behavioral disturbances and some negative symptoms like flat or blunted affect and emotion, poverty of speech, inability to experience pleasure and lack of desire to form relationships.

Treatment:

  • Medication therapy - The large majority of people with schizophrenia show substantial improvement when treated with antipsychotic drugs.

  • Psychosocial treatments - Antipsychotic drugs have proven to be crucial in relieving the psychotic symptoms of schizophrenia – hallucinations, delusions, and incoherence – but are not consistent in relieving the behavioral negative symptoms of the disorder. Even when patients with schizophrenia are relatively free of psychotic symptoms, many still have extraordinary difficulty with communication, motivation, self-care, and establishing and maintaining relationships with others, lack social and work skills and experience as well.

Broadly defined, rehabilitation includes a wide array of non-medical interventions for those with schizophrenia. Rehabilitation programs emphasize social and vocational training to help patients and former patients overcome difficulties in these areas. Programs may include individual therapy, group therapy, vocational counseling, job training, problem solving and money management skills, use of public transportation, and social skills training. These approaches are helping the patient to lead productive lives outside the sheltered environment.

Mann – Healthy Mind Centre is a rehabilitation centre, which is based in the concept of ‘Psycho-social rehabilitation’ which emphasizes the need to integrate a person in the society by teaching them social skills, interpersonal and communication skills through various therapies.

The objectives of rehabilitation that we follow at Mann Healthy Mind Centre are:

  • Reducing symptomatology: It is one of the most important steps, as one cannot expect a symptomatic patient to function. Similarly, efforts to prevent relapse are also needed.

  • Reducing latrogency: This means reducing the patient’s dependence on medical factors only & at the same time explaining the importance of following up with the treating Psychiatrist regularly for monitoring medication.

  • Improving the Social Competence: Attitude change and education of the patient and the family plays a vital role.

  • Psychological, Social, Occupational and Vocational: Development in these areas which are important to achieve rehabilitation goals and to enable the patient help in basic adjustment in all the above.

  • Personal hygiene and home skills training: The emphasis is on making the patient learn to be as independent as possible.