CHILD GUIDANCE CENTRE (CGC)

 
 

The Child Guidance Centre will provide the following facilities:

  1. Psychiatric Consultation

  2. Testing: Intelligence (IQ), Learning Disability (LD), Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), AUTISM.

  3. Testing for behavioral and emotional disturbances

  4. Personality Testing

  5. Counseling and Psychotherapy

  6. Occupational Therapy

    Occupational therapy (OT) is the use of treatments to develop, recover, or maintain the daily living and work skills of patients with a physical, mental or developmental condition. The occupational therapy process includes an individualized evaluation during which the client/family and occupational therapist determine the individual’s goals; a customized intervention to improve the person’s ability to perform daily activities and reach his/her goals; and an outcomes evaluation to monitor progression towards meeting the client’s goals. Occupational therapy interventions focus on adapting the environment, modifying the task, teaching the skill, and educating the client/family in order to increase participation in and performance of daily activities. Occupational therapists use their unique expertise to help children with and without social–emotional, physical, cognitive, communication, and adaptive behavior challenges prepare for and perform important learning and developmental activities. Through an understanding of the impact of disability, illness, and impairment on a child’s development, play, ability to learn new skills, and overall occupational performance, occupational therapists design interventions that promote healthy development, establish needed skills, and modify environments to prevent further disability, all in support of participation in daily activities. Occupational therapy practitioners also play a key role in educating parents, caregivers, and program stay about disability and the development of children with diverse health and learning needs.

  7. Play therapy

    Play therapy is a form of counseling or psychotherapy that uses play to communicate with and help people, especially children, to prevent or resolve psychosocial challenges. This is thought to help them towards better social integration, growth and development.

  8. Art Therapy

    Art Therapy is a form of Psychotherapy that uses art media as its primary mode of communication. Clients who can use art therapy may have a wide range of difficulties, disabilities or diagnoses. These include, for example, emotional, behavioral or mental health problems, learning or physical disabilities, life – limiting conditions, brain – injury or neurological conditions and physical illness.

  9. Remedial Therapy for children with learning difficulties
WHAT IS LEARNING DISABILITY?

“Learning Disability is a general term that refers to a heterogeneous group of disorders manifested by significant difficulties in the acquisition and use of listening, speaking, reading, writing, reasoning or mathematical abilities. These disorders are intrinsic to the individual, presumed to be due to central nervous dysfunction and may occur across the life span.”  -By The National Joint Committee for Learning disabilities.

There are many different types of Learning Disability, namely Dyslexia, Dysgraphia, Dyscalculia and there is a great deal of variation within individuals. A child can be excellent in mathematics and yet do very poorly in reading and writing. Another child may find it very difficult to write sentences in English but have good verbal skills. A learning disability can be confined to academic performance in subjects such as reading, writing or arithmetic.

Learning Disability is usually diagnosed when a child enters primary school and is aggravated in higher classes, when the focus of instruction is less on basic skills and more on content information. The child is expected to read fluently, copy notes from the blackboard, write essays and answer questions on a given passage. A fair amount of abstract reasoning and a massive burden placed on memory. This is why early diagnosis is very important.

A proper assessment of Learning Disabled child is very important, as assessment defines the degree of disability not as an end in itself, but as an aid to learning. Moreover, the assessment is not a ‘once-in-a lifetime’ stamp, but must be repeated at suitable intervals, so that decisions can be changed and new goals set. An assessment helps to understand the child’s areas of difficulties and plan an effective Remedial programme.

WHAT IS REMEDIAL THERAPY?

A Remedial programme includes mainly four areas Phonics, Vocabulary building, Comprehension and Creative writing. In Remediation we mainly focus on Language building as Reading, Writing, Speaking and Listening are closely interrelated language processes rather then separate, independent academic skills.

WHY PHONICS???

  • Language consists of several interrelated factors: Phonology, Morphology, Syntax and Semantics.

  • A phoneme is the smallest linguistic unit of speech that signals a difference in meaning. The phonemic elements in a word are important for a child learning to read. Phonics is the method of teaching reading by attending to sound units of letters.

  • Morphology is the study of word information. It may be a prefix, suffix or root word.

  • Syntax is the rule system that governs the structure of a sentence. The order of words within a sentence is critical to meaning.eg-“the ball hit the man.” Is correct whereas “Ball the man hit.” Is incorrect. Children who have problems with syntax will face problems in comprehension and usage of language.

  • Semantics is the ability to obtain meaning from words, sentences and other word combinations.

  • Phonics is taught using a multisensory approach, known as V-A-K-T strategy which means Visual-Auditory-Kinesthetic-Tactile strategy.

  • Learning disabled children have difficulty with both literal and interpretative comprehension skills. Literal comprehension is the recall of directly stated facts.  Interpretative comprehension is the ability to make analytical judgments, state a point of view, make inferences, and evaluate what is read. Various techniques are taught to deal with comprehensions and teaching Creative writing further helps to think differently and help in analytical answering.

  • A good Remedial progarmme helps the child develop coping mechanism to deal with their academic difficulties and hence help them perform better.